A Primer on Bullying
Plus lessons for parents from a community educator from the Mass. Aggression Reduction Center, and recollections from Channel 5 news anchor Ed Harding.
Words can hurt.
If they’re used repeatedly against a target, that’s bullying. Bullying can lead to depression, even suicide.
So how to deal with bullying?
TV Channel 5 news anchor Ed Harding, his wife, Andrea, and Nicole Wilson, a licensed social worker from the Massachusetts Aggression Reduction Center at Bridgewater State College, addressed that question at the Joyce Middle School auditorium Wednesday night.
Harding was bullied, he told the audience, in junior high school. Eventually, he said, his gym teacher paired him and the boy who was bullying him in a wrestling match. In a few short seconds, Harding said he pinned the other boy. Off the mat, Harding said he told the boy the bullying had to stop. The other boy had trouble with his English, Harding recounted; Harding offered to help him with his English skills. They became friends, Harding said.
Harding and his wife, Andrea, organized an anti-bullying campaign through a line of clothing that carries the words, “anti-bull-e gear.” They became involved with anti-bullying efforts because their son was bullied 10 years ago, Andrea told the audience of about 75 people. The organization donates 5 percent of net proceeds from its clothing sales to the Olweus anti-bulling program from Clemson University.
Andrea Harding showed a three-minute video about an eighth-grader named Alye. Alye was bullied every day since sixth grade. She said she was considering cutting herself in response to the bullying.
“Words do hurt,” Alye said.
Help children develop stronger self-esteem, Andrea urged, and empathy, as well as social skills. The down side of technology, and social networking, she said, is a loss of social skills. Also encourage your children to talk to you.
The logo on the anti-bull-e gear is an English Bull Terrier, Homer, the pet of one of the founders of the clothing line. His breed is commonly known as a “Bully,” according to a handout.
The Hardings took part in the program through a connection with a Woburn parent, school Supt. Mark Donovan told the audience.
Bullying in schools
Every school has only a few bullies, according to Wilson. There are many more “eggers”—students who “egg” a bully on, she said, than there are bullies. In the world of bullying, there are also bystanders, she said, and “floaters,” kids who float between “eggers” and bystanders. We need to target “eggers” and “floaters,” she said.
Bullying is increasing, according to Wilson, because of students’ poor social skills. Students’ social coping skills have decreased dramatically over the last 10 years, according to a study of teachers, Wilson said. Why? When do students have time to develop those skills? she asked.
Wilson spent a lot of her 70-minute presentation on cyberbullying. Students bully online because they don’t see their victim, she said. The bully hides behind a computer screen.
She offered the audience several lessons. Among them: Children don’t understand that the Internet is not private. Private information is valuable. Guard it. Cell phones are not appropriate everywhere. Ban messaging for children under age 15. Don’t get on the computer and message when you’re angry. Cool down first.
Most importantly, talk to your children, no matter what their age.
How to tell if your child might be bullying or cyberbullying?
Watch his or her behavior with siblings, Wilson said, beyond what’s usual. Listen to reports about your child from different sources—even if your first reaction is, “My child would never” do that. Also check his or her behavior on line.
Three mothers who came to the presentation said their children had been teased and bullied at elementary schools here. Another said she had seen bullying at a local school. One said she told the school principal and he took it seriously. They declined to give their names.
Several others have children who are facing a transition from elementary to middle school or middle to high school and wanted to know what to expect in the new school and what to watch for in their children’s behavior.
Bullying in Woburn
From a school administrator’s point of view, “For the most part, (bullying is) under control” at the Joyce Middle School, said Principal Thomas Qualey. “I’m not naive” to say there is no bullying here.
Qualey said he was disappointed in the audience size. The turnout should have been 300, he said.
The Woburn Public Media Center taped the program.
The Joyce and Kennedy Middle School PTO’s and Police School Resource Officer program arranged the program. Most people are aware of the eighth-grade boy and ninth-grade girl who took their own lives because of repeated bullying and harassment, SRO officer Anthony Imperioso said in a brief introduction.
“Sometimes (bullying) happens in Woburn,” he said.
“We (in Woburn) have gone far above and beyond” with anti-bullying efforts, he said.
The school department has its anti-bullying policy on its website, along with a bullying reporting form, school Supt. Donovan told the audience.
The Massachusetts Aggression Reduction Center also has a website, Wilson noted.
Two mothers in the audience, Kerri Walsh and neighbor Erin Lynch, praised the quality of the presentation. Walsh said she wanted more information about how to teach empathy. Both women praised the programs on drugs, drugs and alcohol and how to talk to teens, as well as this one, all offered for Woburn parents
Parents have to “stay one step ahead of the kids,” Lynch quipped.